4 Texts Showing the Importance of Comedy in Literature
— Emily, Owl Eyes Staff on
The ancient Greeks were the first to distinguish between “tragedies” and “comedies”—a distinction we keep to this day. They also deemed tragedy the “higher” form of storytelling, because it can impart moral messages, delivering much-needed catharsis, or the release of repressed emotions. This idea that dramatic storytelling is a “superior” art form has prevailed throughout history and is still predominant among critics today. Just look at the different gravitas afforded to “serious” actors versus their “comic” counterparts. When was the last time a comedy took Best Picture?
Despite this, a lot of evidence suggests that the quickest way to our heads and hearts is through our funny-bone. Comedy uses humor to connect readers or audiences to what makes them human. Far from cheapening great stories, comedy is in some way more honest than stories that rely on drama and drama alone. By allowing ourselves a sly chuckle or a deep belly-laugh, we are confronted with the wonderful, hilarious absurdity of what it means to be human.
Interested in seeing what I mean? Let’s look at some of the best literary comedies ever printed on paper.
Author: Jerome K. Jerome
Read time: 2 hours 6 minutes
Similar to: My Man Jeeves by P.G. Wodehouse
“What the eye does not see, the stomach does not get upset over.”
This 1889 novel is a humorous retelling of a two-week boating holiday on the Thames. Its characters include Jerome (based on Jerome K. Jerome himself) his two friends, George Wingrave and Carl Hentschel, and Jerome’s dog, a fox terrier named Montmorency. While the novel first intended as a serious travel guide, the hilarious anecdotes and witty banter shared between the three men quickly take center stage. Despite being published over 120 years ago, Three Men in a Boat is far from dated and continues to be a great source of humor for modern readers.
Author: Oscar Wilde
Read time: 42 minutes
Similar to: Other comedies of Oscar Wilde—try The Importance of Being Earnest
“We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, language.”
In this novella, Wilde mixes the Gothic supernatural with his signature razor-sharp wit to create a narrative as funny as it is absurd. The story follows a family who discover their new house is haunted by the ghost of Sir Simon de Canterville. The Otis family, models of quintessential “modern America,” are surprisingly unfazed by their houseguest. While the Otis adults take a pragmatic approach to rid themselves of the ghost, the children amuse themselves by playing practical jokes. Sir Simon is thus transformed from the frightening apparition of traditional Gothics into a laughable, absurd figure, made worse by his continued attempts to frighten the Otis family to no avail. The novella is undoubtedly a comment on the interplay between “Old World” England and “New World” America and is a hilarious inversion of typical supernatural tropes in literature.
“Better a witty fool, than a foolish wit.”
While A Midsummer Night’s Dream may be Shakespeare’s most well-written comedy, I’d wager that Twelfth Night is the funniest. It follows the story of Viola and Sebastian, twins separated by a shipwreck. Predictably hilarious hijinks ensue. If you are searching for a break from Shakespeare’s bleak, corpse-ridden tragedies, then Twelfth Night’s narrative, complete with raunchy absurdity and trademark punning, may indeed be the play for you.
Author: Mark Twain
Read time: 44 minutes
Genre: Short Story
Similar to: Other Mark Twain works, like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
”To me, the spectacle of a man drifting serenely along through such a queer yarn without ever smiling, was exquisitely absurd”
Have you ever been stuck in a long, boring conversation? Ever been on the receiving-end of a rambling story you just can’t wait to end? This is the premise of “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” the short story that launched Mark Twain’s prolific writing career. In the story, the narrator becomes a reluctant audience for a rambling, long-winded tale involving two men, a bet, and a couple of jumping frogs. If you are after a quick read and a light-hearted chuckle, then this is the story for you.