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Vocabulary in Aeneid

Vocabulary Examples in Aeneid:

Book I

🔒 12

"The gold itself inferior to the cost..."   (Book I)

The adjective "inferior" means that something is of low quality, degree, or value. In other words, the gold is worth less than the labor and skill involved to create the artifact.

"Anchises on th' Idaean shore..."   (Book I)

Anchises is Aeneas's father, and he comes from a branch of the Trojan royal family. The adjective "Idaean" refers to Mt. Ida, near Troy.

"Oenotrians..."   (Book I)

The proper noun "Oenotrian" refers to an inhabitant of a region in southern Italy called Oenotria.  The modern word *oenology, *the study of wine, probably derives from the grapes grown in this region.

"Hesperia..."   (Book I)

Hesperia is another name for Italy—also referred to as "the Western Land" or "Land of the Evening" because, from Troy, it lies to the west.

"a courser's head..."   (Book I)

A "courser" is a swift or spirited horse, also called a "charger." Here, this is a bust of a horse's head—the horse was sacred to Juno, so they knew the city would be under Juno's protection.

"mole..."   (Book I)

In this context, a "mole" is a large jetty or breakwater to create an artificial harbor for ships

"Byrsa..."   (Book I)

"Byrsa" is a corruption of the Greek word "Borsa," a reference to Carthage.

"purple buskins..."   (Book I)

"Buskins" are like short gaiters, covering the upper part of the boot and lower leg. The fact that they are purple indicates royalty. Purple dyes were rare and therefore more expensive, meaning that only those with means could afford such a color.

"haulsers need to bind the vessels..."   (Book I)

Here written "haulsers," hawsers are the large ropes used to anchor ships to the seashore or to a dock.

"Orontes' bark..."   (Book I)

Orontes is one of Aeneas's officers in command of the Lycians, allies of Troy. A "bark" is a small sailing vessel.

"Ilian..."   (Book I)

In the Iliad, the Greek name for Troy is Ilios, so this is the adjectival for Troy.

"Alban..."   (Book I)

This is the adjectival for the city of Alba in Italy, supposed to have been founded by Aeneas's son, Ascanius. Alba was reputed to be the city where the mother of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, was born.

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