Vocabulary in Iliad
Vocabulary Examples in Iliad:
"merman's..." See in text (Book I)
A merman is a mythological creature with the head and body of a man and the tail of a fish.
"ambrosial..." See in text (Book I)
The adjectival form of “ambrosia.” The noun form originally referred to the food of the gods and was later used to denote anything of perfection that appeals to the senses—in this case, beautiful hair.
"subjection..." See in text (Book I)
The noun “subjection,” is defined as the state of being under the authority of another person.
"Argives..." See in text (Book I)
This noun is another name for the Greek forces. The word Argives derives from the ancient city of Argos.
"Ilius..." See in text (Book I)
Ilius is the Latin name for the city of Troy. The ancient Greek word for Troy was “ilion,” and both terms gave the Iliad its name, which loosely means “a story about Ilion or Ilius.”
"Achaeans...." See in text (Book I)
The “Achaeans” is the primary name given to the Greek forces that opposed the Trojans in The Iliad. The army consisted of various ancient tribes located in and around present-day Greece. In The Iliad, the Greeks are variously called Achaeans, Achaians, Argives, and Danaans—whatever name suited the poet's needs in a given line.
"Pergamus..." See in text (Book IV)
Pergamus was the citadel, or main, fortified area, of Troy. Here we see Apollo observing the war from this area, showing his military involvement in the Trojan cause.
"Gorgon..." See in text (Book V)
A gorgon is a monster with snakes for hair and whose glance can turn a person to stone. There are three Gorgons in Greek mythology, the most famous of which is Medusa, who is killed by Perseus.
"threshing-floor..." See in text (Book V)
A threshing-floor is the place where grain is separated from the seeds and husks.
"chaff ..." See in text (Book V)
The noun “chaff” refers to the waste left after grain has been harvested. It can also refer to something unnecessary.
"dandled..." See in text (Book VI)
The verb “dandle” refers to playfully bouncing a small child up and down in one's hands or upon one's knees.
"cubits..." See in text (Book VI)
A cubit is an ancient unit of measurement approximately equal to a forearm, typically falling between 18 and 21 inches.
"Chimaera..." See in text (Book VI)
The Chimaera or “Chimera,” is a mythological fire-breathing monster with the body of a goat, the head of a lion, and the tail of a serpent. In Greco-Roman mythology, she is slain by Bellerophon, who shot an arrow at her from the flying horse, Pegasus.
"thyrsi..." See in text (Book VI)
A thyrsus is a staff ornamented with flowers or pine cones carried by the followers of Bacchus, the god of wine.
"Gorgo..." See in text (Book VIII)
The word “Gorgo” is another name for a Gorgon, which refers to any one of the three sisters who had snakes for hair and the power to turn anyone who looked at them to stone. The Gorgons were named Stheno, Euryale and Medusa.
"tripod..." See in text (Book VIII)
The noun “tripod” in ancient Greek culture refers to a three-legged cauldron, often used in rituals or presented as a prize.
"anointed..." See in text (Book X)
The verb “anointed” here refers to the dabbing or smearing of oil in a ceremonial way. Here the warriors purify themselves before offering up wine to Minerva (Athena).
"centaurs..." See in text (Book XI)
Centaurs are mythological creatures with the body of a horse and the trunk and head of a man. They are notorious for being wild and lusty, and said to be overly indulgent drinkers and carousers. Centaurs are commonly characterized as violent and uncultured beings.
"Dodona in your sway, where your prophets the Selli..." See in text (Book XVI)
Dodona was the site of a shrine to Jove, and the Selli were a brotherhood of ascetic priests who went barefoot and slept on the ground. Theirs was an order dedicated to Jove.
"two talents..." See in text (Book XVIII)
A talent is supposed to have represented the value of an average man's work for nine years. The talents in this passage are presumably two talents of silver, equal to about 60 lb. of silver (or 30 lb. each), which makes their value considerable.
"bellows..." See in text (Book XVIII)
A bellows is a device which expels air when pressed together, usually used to stoke a fire.
"laid him on a litter..." See in text (Book XVIII)
This passage refers to laying a body out on a bed or a base of some kind before carrying it from the battlefield.