Irony in Desiree's Baby

Irony Examples in Desiree's Baby:

Désirée's Baby 1

"belongs to the race that is cursed with the brand of slavery.”..."   (Désirée's Baby)

In the letter that Armand reads from his mother, she writes that he “belongs to the race that is cursed with the brand of slavery.” This reveals that it is actually Armand who is part-black, not Desiree. This dramatic plot twist makes the ending of the story, and the story itself, all the more ironic and devastating. Furthermore, Armand’s fate is extremely ironic here. He has treated his slaves with violence and cruelty based on the color of their skin, and now he must face the fact that he is actually part African American himself.