Personification in Ethan Frome

Personification Examples in Ethan Frome:

Chapter II 1

" “We never got away—how should you?”..."   (Chapter II)

Wharton uses personification (a literary device in which inanimate objects are given human traits and characteristics) to make the gravestones seem like they are speaking to Ethan. Rather than evoke a feeling of sadness or foreboding in the reader as gravestones often do, the gravestones mock Ethan for his constraints.