Historical Context in Oedipus the King
Oedipus the King (known as Oedipus Rex in other translations) was written by the Greek playwright Sophocles and first performed in 429 BCE. Sophocles lived in Athens for most of the 5th century BCE, a period known as the “Golden Age of Athens” due to the remarkable wealth, power, and cultural achievement of the city-state during that time. One of the central artistic forms of the time was the tragic play. Athens held a yearly drama festival in which playwrights such as Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides competed with their newest works. Sophocles distinguished himself as the premier playwright of his age, winning eighteen of the thirty competitions he entered. The Greek tragedy was perfected in this time. In fact, scholars across the ages have generally considered Oedipus the King the pinnacle of Greek tragedy. The play has been a touchstone of the theater since its creation.
Historical Context Examples in Oedipus the King:
Oedipus the King🔒
"O King Apollo! may his joyous looks Be presage of the joyous news he brings!..." See in text (Oedipus the King)
"Give him no part in prayer or sacrifice Or lustral rites,..." See in text (Oedipus the King)
"the common folk, with wreathed boughs Crowd our two market-places,..." See in text (Oedipus the King)