Literary Devices in The Raven
Repetition: Poe uses repetition of the words “nothing more” to show the narrator’s gradually unraveling mental state. While at first he uses “nothing more” to reassure himself that there is nothing wrong, this “nothing more” evolves into the Raven’s “Nevermore,” a symbol of the narrator’s increasing hopelessness and descent into madness. By the end of the poem, the narrator has taken the word out of the bird’s mouth so that he can say “And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor / Shall be lifted—nevermore”; a statement of his ultimate despair and inconsolable hopelessness.
Rhyme Scheme: Poe uses words that rhyme with “more” throughout each stanza to unify the poem not only in theme and content but in structure as well. This rhyming pattern has a thundering, sonorous effect that adds to the intensity of the poem.