Literary Devices in Candide
Voltaire uses juxtaposition to emphasize his themes. For example, Voltaire juxtaposes Pangloss’s optimistic view of heroic warfare with the gruesome reality of a bloody battlefield. Candide is also a comedic novel that uses dramatic irony and hyperbole to create humor. The tale is one of absurdity and satire, both of which Voltaire uses to critique his society.