Facts in Young Goodman Brown
Facts Examples in Young Goodman Brown:
Young Goodman Brown
"Martha Carrier..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
Martha Ingalls Carrier was one of the first women named as a witch by the Salem Girls during the 1692 Salem witch trials.
"Deacon Gookin..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
The title of “deacon” refers to a minister or officer in the Christian church. Typically deacons perform administrative functions at the church and distribute the elements at communion during the Sabbath.
"catechism..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
A “catechism” refers to a series of set religious questions and answers based around a book of instruction in the principles of the Christian faith. Puritans like Goodman Brown would have learned a series of questions and answers to to confirm their faith and then use during church services.
"Sabbath day and lecture day..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
Since the Puritans were Christian, the “Sabbath” refers to Sunday, a day of rest observed by Christians in prayer and service. The “lecture day” here possibly refers to a mid-week church meeting.
"the Great and General Court..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
This is an early name for the state legislature of Massachusetts. Now known as the Massachusetts General Court, the name Great and General Court was used until 1780 when the state of Massachusetts adopted a new constitution.
"communion wine..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
At Christian masses or services, one of the acts that believers participate in is called “communion,” a custom which emphasizes the personal sacrifice of Jesus Christ and his relationship to Christians. Wine is the drink often used to symbolize the significance of Christ's death on the cross, although some denominations use grape juice or non-alcoholic substitutes.
"King Philip's War..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
New England in the 17th century saw one of the deadliest conflicts between the Native American tribes of the area and the Dutch and English colonists. King Philip was the adopted English name of Metacomb (or Metacomet), a Wampanoag chief, whose father enjoyed friendly relations with the Mayflower Pilgrims. However, the continued influx of colonists and treaties created tensions between the groups, resulting in war. The devil delights in telling Goodman Brown how he helped Brown’s father participate in this conflict.
"the Quaker woman..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
A Quaker is a member of a religious movement founded by Christian preacher George Fox in the mid 17th century. This group emphasizes a direct relationship between the individual and the divine. Notably, Quakers were not viewed fondly by the Puritans in North America and were subjects of persecution. That the devil delights in the Puritans’ persecution of Quakers is also shown in Washington Irving’s “The Devil and Tom Walker,” in which the devil says that he amuses himself by watching the persecution of the Quakers and Anabaptists.
"Puritans..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
Puritans are a branch of English Protestants from the late 16th and 17th centuries who removed themselves from the Anglican Church of England, stating that the reformation under Elizabeth I was incomplete. Some sailed west across the Pacific ocean, including the Puritans who landed at Plymouth Rock and settled both Boston and Plymouth. Their Christian beliefs were notoriously strict; for example, Puritans believed that thinking about a sinful or evil action had the same effect on the soul as actually committing the action.
"King William's court..." See in text (Young Goodman Brown)
This is a reference to William III, also known as William of Orange, who ruled as king of England from 1689–1702, the time in which “Young Goodman Brown” is set.