Literary Devices in Jane Eyre

Within Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte employs a first person narrative, which means the story is told from Jane’s perspective only. This gives us special insight into Jane’s thoughts and feelings while also allowing us to interpret the other characters as Jane interprets them. This perspective encourages us to develop a connection with Jane and her journey.

Chapter IV 1
"Lowood school..."   (Chapter IV)

The name of Lowood, just like Gateshead, is a significant for its wordplay. It suggests that this next stop in Jane’s journey will be a low point in her life.

"foreboding..."   (Chapter XXV)

Jane’s marriage anxiety is typical of any bride-to-be. The eerie connotation of “foreboding,” however, instills the scene with a dark tone. Even though “hypochondriac” suggests that her worries are unfounded, Jane’s still feels uneasy about the future of her marriage.

"I have no relative but the universal mother, Nature: I will seek her breast and ask repose...."   (Chapter XXVIII)

Because Brontë uses first person narration, the reader has access to all of Jane’s thoughts. We are confined to Jane’s headspace and can only access the outside world through her lens. Jane’s feelings of isolation are thus more easily communicated to the reader. Romantic characters often find solace from this sort of isolation in nature, as Jane does in this passage. Romantic authors also tended to glorify nature, reflected in the god-like way it’s depicted, as well as the capitalization of “Nature”.