Literary Devices in The Odyssey
The Odyssey is an epic poem that served an educational purpose for those who heard it. It relates historical stories with fantastical elements of myth, legend, and divine intervention. Epics begin in medias res (in the middle of things) and explore a vast world or universe, generally that involves mythological landscapes such as the home of the gods. It uses symbolism, imagery, and allegory to elevate the story to the fantastical realm of myth and legend. Heroes often give long speeches and represent the ethos of their civilization. Thus, they lack in what we would understand as emotional resonance and instead demonstrate honor, bravery, and courage.
Literary Devices Examples in The Odyssey:
"As the sail bellied out with the wind, the ship flew through the deep blue water, and the foam hissed against her bows as she sped onward. Then they made all fast throughout the ship, filled the mixing bowls to the brim, and made drink offerings to the immortal gods that are from everlasting, but more particularly to the grey-eyed daughter of Zeus...." See in text (Book II)