Tone in Beowulf

Tone Examples in Beowulf:

III 2

"But one night after continued his slaughter..."   (III)

The loss of so many of his guard humiliates and saddens King Hrothgar, who gets no respite from the first attack because Grendel remorselessly strikes again the very next night. Since Hrothgar and his people have no time to grieve, Grendel's relentless attacks create an atmosphere of despair and helplessness around Hrothgar's Hall. The tension and anxiety build as the audience awaits the arrival of a champion.

"and forced from their slumbers           Thirty of thanemen..."   (III)

In Grendel's first attack on Heorot, we are witness to the power and size of this creature. The fact that he is able to take thirty thanemen, or soldiers sworn to the service of their king, from the hall and take them back to his lair shows us that this evil creature has strength beyond normal human capacities. Details like this help the poet create an atmosphere of dread and terror.

"Higelac's liegeman..."   (IV)

At this point in the story, the poet introduces the hero of our tale but has yet to state his name. By not naming the hero immediately, the poet starts to build a reputation for him, alluding to his great deeds in an effort to make hero's self-introduction more powerful for the audience. This creates a sense of anticipation and suspense as the audience wonders who this hero is.

"Art thou that Beowulf with Breca did struggle,           On the wide sea-currents at swimming contended..."   (IX)

Unferth challenges Beowulf with a story he heard about a swimming contest between Beowulf and Breca. He accuses Beowulf of competing and swimming into the deep main (the ocean) simply for vanity rather than honorable reasons. This challenge serves as a direct challenge to Beowulf’s claims and provides tension by introducing a minor antagonist.

"falsehood and treachery           The Folk-Scyldings now nowise did practise...."   (XVI)

The poet foreshadows dynastic problems that are yet to come for Hrothgar's Danes. The mention of Hrothulf, Hrothgar's nephew, may support the belief of some scholars that the foreshadowed treachery involves both Unferth and Hrothulf against Hrothgar. This lends the poem an ominous mood that contrasts with the feasting earlier mentioned.