Personification in A Christmas Carol
To better convey certain aspects of the story, Dickens uses personification, a literary device in which writers assign human characteristics and qualities to non-human or non-living things. From the weather to the bells of a church, Dickens portrays the world around Scrooge as active agents to foreshadow ghostly events as well as emphasize his potential doom and salvation.
Personification Examples in A Christmas Carol:
"Upon its coming in, the dying flame leaped up, as though it cried, “I know him! Marley's Ghost!” and fell again...." See in text (Stave One)
"it must have run there when it was a young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses..." See in text (Stave One)
"Genius of the Weather..." See in text (Stave One)
"misanthropic ice..." See in text (Stave One)
"whose gruff old bell was always peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall..." See in text (Stave One)